healthSexuallyTransmittedDiseases2

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are caused by a bacteria. Both infections can cause similar symptoms. They are usually tested together. If a man has symptoms, it is usually discharge and painful urination. If a woman has symptoms, it is usually discharge. Most women do not have symptoms with Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. Most men do not have symptoms with Chlamydia. Testing is performed by collecting a urine sample. It usually takes about 72 hours to get the results back. Both are treated with antibiotics. The cost is approximately $35 for both tests.

Syphilis
Syphilis is caused by a bacteria. It may have no symptoms or it could cause a painless sore and/or rash. If left untreated, it can cause damage to the brain or heart. Testing is performed by taking a blood sample. It usually takes 72 hours to get the results back. It is treatable with antibiotics. The cost is approximately $5.

Genital Herpes
Genital Herpes is caused by a virus. It is estimated that 1 out of every 3 people in this area has genital herpes. Most people with Genital Herpes have no symptoms but can transmit the disease to their partner eight days during the month even without symptoms. We can perform either a Herpes culture ($25) if the person has a rash or sore or a blood test ($33) if they do not have symptoms. The blood test will check for HSV 1 (oral Herpes/cold sores) and HSV2 (Genital Herpes). Symptoms can be controlled with Valtrex or Acyclovir.

HPV
Human Papilloma Virus is caused by a virus. It is one of the viruses that can cause genital warts or abnormal pap smears in women. It is estimated that there are hundreds of HPV viruses. However, 30 of the HPV viruses are located in the genital area and, of those 30, ten are consider “high risk” or have shown the potential to cause cervical cancer in women over time. At the current time, we do not test for HPV in men and only high risk HPV in women. It is recommended that sexually active women have an annual pap smear. The cost of the pap is approximately $35. The cost to be evaluated for High Risk HPV is $35.

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B vaccine is highly recommended for all sexually active adults. The cost of the vaccine is $40 an injection. There is a series of 3 injections, given over six months, with the first injection given at the first appointment. The second dose is given one month after the first dose and the third dose is given 4-6 months after the first dose.